Psychological concepts: Learned helplessness

Reading Time:

I came across a dissertation in political science that contained a nice description of the concept:

The basic idea of the learned helplessness theory is that noncontingency leads to performance deficits. Individuals exposed to uncontrollable events learn that events are independent of their own behaviour, and it has a debilitating effect on their future performance. Development of an expectation of future uncontrollability results in a reduction of the incentive for coping (Overmier, 2002).

“Helplessness is present when a group or person or animal displays inappropriate passivity; failing through lack of mental or behavioural action to meet the demands of a situation in which effective coping is possible” (Peterson et
al., 1995, 229).

Source: Inta Mierina

Slovak elections, March 5, 2016

Many surprises. Three anti-establishment parties made it. Several (depending on how you count) of the eight parties that will be in the parliament have nationalistic tendencies,...

China's opening to trade

A striking passage from C. Fred Bergsten's comment published in 2004 in Development challenges in the 1990s: leading policymakers speak from experience, edited by Tim Besley:...